Johan Galtung
( 1987 , Norvège )

... ses études systématiques et multidisciplinaires des conditions menant à la paix.

Peace appeals to the hearts; studies to the brain. Both are needed, indeed indispensable. But equally indispensable is a valid link between brain and heart.


Johan Galtung, connu pour être « le père des études sur la paix », s’est tourné vers les sciences sociales et les études de peacebuilding après avoir effectué des recherches en tant que mathématicien. Sa carrière académique internationale qui s’étale sur 70 ans et à travers 5 continents a été ponctuée par l’attribution d’une douzaine de positions majeures, la rédaction de 160 livres et de plus de 1600 articles. Grâce à son expertise dans le domaine de la résolution de conflits, Johan Galtung a été le médiateur de plus de 150 différends opposant Etats, nations, religions, communautés locales et société civile. Sa contribution dans le domaine du peacebuilding inclut non seulement une forte méthodologie fondée sur une thérapie diagnostic/pronostic mais également une théorie triangulaire de la violence qui articule les structures, les cultures et les comportements.

Contact

Transcend International & Galtung-Institut
Markgrafenstraße 42a, 79639 Grenzach-Wyhlen
Tel. 0049 (0)7624 9129138

http://www.transcend.org/
http://www.galtung-institut.de/

Biography

Known as ‘the father of peace studies’, Johan Galtung turned to the social sciences and peacebuilding after initial research as a mathematician. Galtung published his influential Theory and Methods of Social Research (Allen & Unwin) in 1967. Eight years earlier he had set up the International Peace Research Institute in Oslo, the first institute of its kind to make a mark in the academic world, and was its Director for 10 years. He founded the Journal of Peace Research at the University of Oslo from 1969-77, during which time he also helped to found the Inter-University Centre in Dubrovnik (then Yugoslavia), as a meeting place for East and West, and was for four years its first Director General. Senior university positions followed in succeeding years, interspersed with consultancies to the whole range of UN agencies: UNESCO, UNCTAD, WHO, ILO, FAO, UNU, UNEP, UNIDO, UNDP, UNITAR and UNRISD. Some of the subjects in which he held a Visiting Professorship recently were international economics at Sichuan University, China, world politics of peace and war at Princeton University, USA, international studies at Duke University, USA, and peace studies at Chuo University, Japan. He has been Distinguished Professor of Peace Studies at the University of Hawaii, Universität Witten/Herdecke, Germany, and University of Tromsö, Norway. He also played an important role in the establishment of the first-ever World Peace Academy, academic institution based in Switzerland. He …

Known as ‘the father of peace studies’, Johan Galtung turned to the social sciences and peacebuilding after initial research as a mathematician. Galtung published his influential Theory and Methods of Social Research (Allen & Unwin) in 1967. Eight years earlier he had set up the International Peace Research Institute in Oslo, the first institute of its kind to make a mark in the academic world, and was its Director for 10 years. He founded the Journal of Peace Research at the University of Oslo from 1969-77, during which time he also helped to found the Inter-University Centre in Dubrovnik (then Yugoslavia), as a meeting place for East and West, and was for four years its first Director General. Senior university positions followed in succeeding years, interspersed with consultancies to the whole range of UN agencies: UNESCO, UNCTAD, WHO, ILO, FAO, UNU, UNEP, UNIDO, UNDP, UNITAR and UNRISD. Some of the subjects in which he held a Visiting Professorship recently were international economics at Sichuan University, China, world politics of peace and war at Princeton University, USA, international studies at Duke University, USA, and peace studies at Chuo University, Japan. He has been Distinguished Professor of Peace Studies at the University of Hawaii, Universität Witten/Herdecke, Germany, and University of Tromsö, Norway. He also played an important role in the establishment of the first-ever World Peace Academy, academic institution based in Switzerland. He authored and co-authored more than 1,600 articles and over 160 books related to peace issues. His most famous title is Peace By Peaceful Means published in 1996 by Sage Publications.

 

Galtung has been focusing on four main areas of work:

  • Conflict analysis and peace theory, and particularly on unresolved conflict as the basic underlying cause of violence, implying that conflict resolution by peaceful means is basic for peace;
  • comparative civilisation theory, exploring the underlying implications for peace and development of occidental and oriental civilisations; – the generation of textbooks in general peace theory and general conflict resolution;
  • development theory, including issues of ecology, health and peace; and
  • a new approach to economics which can more comfortably accommodate such major world goals as peace, development, human growth and ecological balance.

Galtung’s publications reflect his position as a leading researcher in the field of peace research and conflict transformation. They range from the early Gandhi’s Political Ethics (Tanum, Oslo, 1955), through the six volumes of Essays in Peace Research (Ejlers, Copenhagen, 1974-88), True Worlds (Macmillan, New York, 1980), and There Are Alternatives (Spokesman, 1984) to Human Rights in Another Key (Polity, 1994), (with Daisaku Ikeda) Choose Peace (Pluto, 1995), and many other.

In addition, Galtung has been actively engaged as a conflict resolution facilitator, e.g. between North and South Korea and Israel/Palestine, in the Gulf region and former Yugoslavia.

In 1993, Johan Galtung founded TRANSCEND, a network for Peace and Development, which is now running Transcend Peace University with a number of courses online, Transcend University Press, Transcend Media Service with material on current events, and Transcend Research Insitute.

As an experienced conflict manager, Galtung has mediated for more than 70 years in more than 150 conflicts among states, nations, religions, local communities, and civil society. His contributions to the field of peacebuilding include not only his prominent methodology in peacebuilding, based on diagnosis-prognosis-therapy, but also his triangular interrelated theory of violence: structural-cultural-behavioral.

In addition to academic research, he has also been promoting the concept of ‘peace journalism’ as a way to counteract war- and violence-based reporting.

 
 

Publications

  • A complete list of publications by Johan Galtung can be found here.
  • A structural theory of aggression. Journal of Peace Research, 1964.
  • Theory and methods of social research. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, 1967.
  • On the effects of international economic sanctions: with examples from the case of Rhodesia. World Politics, 1967.
  • Violence, peace and peace research. Journal of Peace Research, 1969.
  • A structural theory of imperialism. Journal of Peace Research, 1971.
  • The basic needs approach. Human needs, 1980.
  • Cultural violence. Journal of Peace Research, 1990.
  • Human rights in another key. Cambridge, MA: Polity, 1994.
  • Menschenrechte: anders gesehen. Frankfurt a.M.: Suhrkamp, 1994.
  • High road, low road: charting the course for peace journalism. Track Two, 1998.
  • 50 years: 100 Peace & Conflict Perspectives. Transcend University Press, 2008.
  • 50 years: 25 intellectual landscapes explored. Transcend University Press, 2008.
  • Democracy – Peace – Development. Transcend University Press, 2008. (With Paul Scott).
  • 50 Years: 25 Intellectual Landscapes Explore. Transcend University Press, 2008.
  • Globalizing God: Religion, Spirituality and Peace. Transcend University Press, 2008. (With Graeme MacQueen).
  • The Fall of the US Empire –  And Then What? Transcend University Press, 2009. (With Paul Scott).
  • Peace Business: Humans and Nature Above Markets and Capital.Transcend University Press, 2009. (With Jack Santa Barbara and Fred Dubee).
  • Handbook of Peace and Conflict Studies. Kindle Edition, 2009.
  • Johan Galtung – Pioneer of Peace Research by Johan Galtung and Dietrich FischerSpringer, 2013.

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